What is IPM?
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a systematic strategy for managing pests, which considers prevention, avoidance, monitoring and suppression. Where chemical pesticides are necessary, a preference is given to materials and methods which maximize public safety and environmental risk. The IPM approach provides long-term solutions to pest problems while reducing reliance on pesticides. Practitioners of IPM view pest problems as symptoms of other conditions. Many pest problems can be solved with non-chemical methods such as structural repairs or by changing human behavior. When these activities cannot solve the pest problem, other methods, including low-risk pesticides are considered. IPM practitioners use the least hazardous approach. Structural IPM can be described by five general practices:
- Inspection and evaluation of the pest problem.
- Recommendation for structural repairs and modification.
- Suggestions to change practices in order to discourage pest presence.
- Selection and use of lowest risk control measures to solve the pest problem.
- Evaluation and discussion of results with the customer.